HTML Cheat Sheet | Become A Pro Free Download – GoogleDriveLinks.com

HTML Cheat Sheet | Become A Pro Free Download – GoogleDriveLinks.com

HTML stands for Hyper Text Mark-up Language

Used for: creating web pages 8 (documents) that are displayed on the World Wide Web (websites). The pages can be a mix of text, images, videos, and other elements. It can be created with: notepad, TextPad or any text editors.

Saved as: .html files

HTML Cheat Sheet

Here we are sharing with you the complete HTML Cheat Sheet:

Basic structure

body tags and main content

The main elements in HTML are the tags. Tags structure and present the data in different forms.

Heading

<h1>Heading 1</h1>
<h2>Heading 2 </h2>
<h3>Heading 3</h3>
<h4>Heading 4</h4>
<h5>Heading 5</h5>
<h6>Heading 6 </h6>

Paragraph

<p>write a paragraph</p>
Attribute ‘style’ can be used with <p> to display the text inside <p> in a specific manner. For example,
<p style = "color:blue">I will appear blue</p>
<p style = "background-color:blue">Highlighting as blue</p>
<br> line break

Span

Span tag is used for styling inline elements.

<span style = “color:green”> Address </span>

- prints the word ‘Address’ in the specified color (here green). The style attribute is used to style HTML elements.

Characters

  •   – space (non-breaking)
  • " – add quotation mark (“)
  • < – less than symbol (<)
  • > – greater than symbol (>)
  • & – the ‘&’ or ampersand symbol
  • © – copyright symbol
  •  – trademark symbol

Formatting

  • <b>Bold text </b>
  • <i>*Italic text*</i>
  • <u>*underlined text*</u>
  • <mark>I am highlighted in yellow</mark>- marks the text in yellow. If other colors are needed, span is used.
  • <span style="background-color: #FF00FF">I am highlighted in pink</span>
  • <strong>I am strong</strong> - give emphasis to a particular text; mostly bold
  • <font></font> - chosen font for the text
  • Font is not used in HTML 5, CSS is used. Attributes of <font> -
  • <face> - the font family, for example Courier New
  • <size> - size of the text
  • <color> - color of the text in hex value (eg. #FF000F) or text (eg.red)
  • <small></small> - smaller text, fine print size
  • <strike>Strike that out</strike> - strikeout the text inside the tag
  • <sup></sup> - superscript (text above the normal text like exponential numbers)
  • <sub></sub> - subscript
  • <em></em> - emphasis
  • <pre></pre> - preformatted text
  • <tt></tt> - typewriter text

Body

<body> – the main content lies in the body. Inside there can be many sections. Attributes –

  • background=“” – Background Image source; can be left empty if no image
  • bgcolor=“” – Background Colour in hex value
  • text=“” – page text color
  • link=“” – Link Colour
  • alink=“” – Active (current) Link Colour
  • vlink=“” – Visited Link Colour
  • bgproperties=“” – Background Properties. A value of “fixed” means non-scrolling watermark
  • topmargin=“?” – Top Margin Size in Pixels
  • leftmargin=“” – Side Margin Size in Pixels

Metadata

<meta> tag is a part of and describes information about data. Most common use of metadata is by search engines for keywords.  most common character set Attributes –

  • name = “” – can be name like keyword, author, description etc…
  • content = “” – the value corresponding to above names

Example – <meta name="keywords" content="What is HTML, How to learn HTML">

Sections and divisions

  • <div></div> new section; nested div tags are very common when multiple sub-sections are required
  • <hr> - horizontal line

<hr> has the following attributes –

<hr size = “” width = “”/width = “%” color = “” align = “left/center/right”>
size – thickness of the line in pixels
width – in pixels or percentage (any one)
color – color in hex value
align – alignment; left, right or center

Tables

<table>
 <tr>
 <td></td>
 <td></td>
 <td></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td></td>
 <td></td>
 <td></td>
 </tr>
</table>
<table> - creates a table,
<tr> - creates a row,
<td> - creates column,
<th> - creates header columns

<table> attributes –

  • border=“” – Thickness of outside border in pixels
  • bordercolor=“” – Border Colour in hex value
  • cellspacing=“” – Space between each cell in pixels
  • cellpadding=“” – Space between cell border and content
  • align=“” – Horizontal Alignment; left, right, center
  • bgcolor=“” – Background Colour hex value
  • width=“” – Table Width in pixels or %
  • height=“” – Table Height in pixels or %

<td> attributes

  • colspan=“” – Number of columns the cell spans across
  • rowspan=“” – Number of rows cell spans across
  • width=“” – width of cell in pixels or %
  • height=“” – height of cell in pixels or %
  • bgcolor=“” – hex value of background colour for the cell (column)
  • align=“” – Horizontal Align; left, center, right
  • valign=“” – Vertical Align; top, middle, bottom
  • – is used to define attributes for particular columns of the table.

Example –

<colgroup>
 <col span="1" style="background-color:green">
 <col style="background-color:blue">
</colgroup>

The first column will be highlighted as green, whereas other columns will be highlighted as blue.

Forms (HTML Cheat Sheet)

Most of the dynamic content like user inputs, submitting a page, filling a form happen inside this tag. It is a group of related inputs.

<form>
 <input>
 <select><option></option></select>
 <textarea>
</form>

<form> tag attributes –

  • action=“url” – destination url upon form submission
  • method=“” – form method – get, post
  • enctype=“” – type of encoding; for file upload it is “multipart/form-data”

<input> tag attributes –

  • type=“” – Mandatory input Field Type: text, password, checkbox, submit and so on.
  • name=“” – Form Field Name (mandatory for form processing)
  • value=“” – value (entered by user) or default value
  • size=“” – field size
  • maxlength=“” – Maximum acceptable length of Input Field data
  • checked – Mark selected field in checkbox (multi-select) or radio button (single-select)

<select> </select> – Select options from drop-down list <select> tag Attributes:

  • name=“” – Drop Down Combo-Box Name; mandatory for form processing
  • size=“” – size of the drop-down list
  • multiple – Allow multiple selections

<option></option> – individual items of the drop-down list <option> tag Attributes:

  • value=“” – Option value selected or default value set
  • <textarea>lot of text like description – Large area for text inputs

<textarea> Tag Attributes:

  • name=“” – Text area name for form processing
  • rows=“” – Number of rows of text shown
  • cols=“” – Number of columns (characters per row)
  • wrap=“” – text wrapping

iframe

  • <iframe src=””></iframe> – embed another document within the current document (page) in a frame.
  • Attribute “src” – location of the document to be embedded

Links

HTML links, also called as hyperlinks are defined by ‘a’ tag – Attributes –

  • href = “” – the url to be visited when the link is clicked
  • target = “” – specifies where to open the link – _blank (new tab/window), _self (same window/tab), _parent (in the parent frame), framename – open in a particular frame.
  • title = “” – gives information about the element
  • id = “” – to create bookmarks in the page that can be used as value in href attribute.

Examples –

  • <a href = "https://onehack.us/">Go to onehack.us</a>
  • <a href = "C:UsersPublic">Open a resource from the given location</a>
  • <a href = "#divprop">Reach a div element specified by the name</a>

Build Responsive Real World Websites with HTML5 and CSS3 12

Styles

For styling, there are many attributes being used with various tags. The attributes are –

<style>
 text-align= “” – align text; left, right, center
 background-color = “” – background color of the element
 color=”” – for color of texts
 font-family = “” – for various fonts
 font-size = “” size of the font
 border = “” – border thickness and color for a table
</style>

These styling elements are put together in a CSS.

Lists

There are two types of lists – ordered and unordered.

 ordered list Attributes –

  • type=”” – the numbering of the list – A, a, I, 1, i
  • start = “” – starting value
  • <ul></ul> - unordered list

Attributes –

  • type = “” – type of bullet – square, circle, disc
  • <li></li> - individual value in the list

Attributes –

  • <value> = “” – value of list item
  • <type>=”” – type of the list item

Images

 – shows the image when page loads Attributes –

  • src =”sourceofimage” – source of the image; url or file location; mandatory
  • alt = “alternate text” – alternate text; mandatory
  • align = “left/right/center” – alignment with respect to surrounding items (text)
  • width = “” – in pixels or percentage
  • height = “” – in pixels or percentage
  • border = “” – thickness of the border in pixels
  • hspace = “” – space in pixels on the sides of the image
  • vspace = “” – space in pixels on top and bottom of the image

HTML5 Tags


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